IMPLAN has data for the five Island territories of the U.S. We have data on American Samoa (AS), Commonwealth of Northern Marianas Islands (MP), Guam, (GU), Puerto Rico (PR), and Virgin Islands (VI). Note that the data sets for Island Areas are not nearly as comprehensive nor timely compared to the U.S., unfortunately. The 2018 U.S. Territories data contain two significant additions.
Incorporation of the New 2012 BEA Benchmark I-O Tables
- With the release of the 2007 BEA BM, IMPLAN decided to no longer tie itself so tightly to the BEA BM sectoring scheme, as this continued to decline in sector number. Instead, we decided to keep virtually every BEA BM sector that had ever existed and only add new sectors as the BEA supplied data for them or we obtained data for them elsewhere. However, it became apparent with the release of the 2012 BEA BM that not all BEA sectors could be persisted because in addition to being deprecated by the BEA, some sectors are also deprecated within the NAICS classification system, meaning that we no longer have CBP or CEW data for them; these are our most detailed data sources and without those data we would have no means with which to persist those sectors aside from using split ratios from old CBP or CEW data, ratios that would get very stale very quickly. Thus, there are 3 cases in which sectors had to be combined in the new IMPLAN sectoring scheme. Fortunately, there are more cases of new sectors (i.e., more sector detail) than cases of combined sectors (i.e., less sector detail). Each of these cases is listed below.
- Previous IMPLAN sectors 20 and 21 will comprise a single sector (20) in the new 546 sectoring scheme. This is due to 2012 NAICS codes 211111 and 211112 being rearranged into NAICS codes 211120 and 211130, which do not have enough detail to keep these two sectors separate.
- Previous IMPLAN sectors 26 and 27 will comprise a single sector (22) in the new 546 sectoring scheme. This is due to 2012 NAICS codes 212231 and 212234 being combined into 2017 NAICS code 212230.
- Previous IMPLAN sectors 287 and 289 will comprise a single sector (285) in the new 546 sectoring scheme. This is due to 2012 NAICS codes 333911 and 333913 being combined into a single 2017 NAICS code (333914).
- Previous sector 395 will be split into 10 sectors in the new 546 sectoring scheme: sectors 392-401. There is sufficient 2017 NAICS code detail to allow for this.
- Wholesale - Motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts and supplies
- Wholesale - Professional and commercial equipment and supplies
- Wholesale - Household appliances and electrical and electronic goods
- Wholesale - Machinery, equipment, and supplies
- Wholesale - Other durable goods merchant wholesalers
- Wholesale - Drugs and druggists’ sundries
- Wholesale - Grocery and related product wholesalers
- Wholesale - Petroleum and petroleum products
- Wholesale - Other nondurable goods merchant wholesalers
- Wholesale - Wholesale electronic markets and agents and brokers
- Previous sector 437 will be split into 2 sectors in the new 546 sectoring scheme: sectors 443 and 444. There is sufficient 2017 NAICS code detail to allow for this.
- Insurance carriers, except direct life
- Insurance agencies, brokerages, and related activities
- Previous sector 440 will be split into 2 sectors in the new 546 sectoring scheme: sectors 447 and 448. There is sufficient 2017 NAICS code detail to allow for this.
- Other real estate
- Tenant-occupied housing
- New State and Local Government institution: Whereas there were 2 State and Local Government institutions in the old 536 sectoring scheme (State and Local Government Education and State and Local Government Non-Education), the new 546 sectoring scheme will have 3 State and Local Government institutions: State and Local Government Education, State and Local Government Hospitals and Health Services, and State and Local Government Other Services. As such, previous state government payroll sector 531 (Employment and payroll of state govt, non-education) will be split into 2 sectors (sectors 540 and 541) and previous local government payroll sector 533 (Employment and payroll of local govt, non-education) will be split into 2 sectors (sectors 543 and 544) in the new 546 sectoring scheme. There is sufficient 2017 NAICS code detail to allow for this.1
- * Employment and payroll of state govt, hospitals and health services
- * Employment and payroll of state govt, other services
- * Employment and payroll of local govt, hospitals and health services
- * Employment and payroll of local govt, other services
Proprietor Employment Estimates
While prior U.S. territories data has included estimates of proprietor income (PI), proprietor employment was not included as part of a given industry’s employment value (unlike IMPLAN U.S. data). The decision to not include proprietor employment was a conservative one made due to a lack of data on U.S. territory proprietors. However, proprietor estimates, derived using U.S. level sector-specific rates of proprietors-per-PI, are included this year to promote definitional consistency with labor income, which includes both wage and salary income and proprietor income.
Employment overall is up, which is expected with the inclusion of proprietor employment. Those sectors seeing the largest jump in employment will be those with a higher rate of proprietors-per-PI at the U.S. level, which generally equates to those sectors with a larger proportion of proprietor employment (e.g., agriculture sectors, personal services sectors, etc.).
Improved Government Sector Distributions
U.S. Territories data now mimics IMPLAN’s domestic data production in the use of BLS CEW ownership codes to derive government employment and wages data for IMPLAN sectors beyond just administrative payroll for education and non-education. For Puerto Rico (PR) and Virgin Islands (VI), both of which are covered by CEW, ownership code data provide employment and wage data for additional government activities such as passenger transit, electric utilities, and other government enterprises, along with continued employment and wage data for government administrative sectors. For territories lacking BLS CEW coverage, PR and VI CEW data are used to estimate these new distributions of total non-education government employment and wages between non-education administrative government and the government enterprise sectors (passenger transit, electric utilities, and other government enterprises).
With the 2018 data, you will now see non-zero estimates for government sectors that were previously zero. These include passenger transit, electric utilities, and other government enterprises.
DATA DELIVERY & SUPPORT:
To learn more about our data on U.S. Territories, please contact IMPLAN at 800-507-9426 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Written January 13, 2020